A lot has been happening over the past few days around the region. Obviously, Muammar al-Qaddafi was killed in Libya several days ago, which will have major ramifications for that state. Iran has once again had to defend itself against international allegations, this time for supposedly conducting secret executions without adequate judicial proceedings. Violence continues to accompany protests and unrest in both Syria (although Damascus and Aleppo still stand with the regime) and Yemen (where the UN has once again called for President Saleh’s ouster). Turkey has been rocked by an earthquake; the details of which are still coming out.
Today is also the Tunisian elections, where voter turnout topped 90% according to Al Arabiya. Remember, this election is to create a commission that will rewrite the constitution, set up an interim government, and set election dates for the President and Parliament. Tomorrow we will be able to discuss the outcome, but today consider this New York Times article which details financing leading up to the election. The favorite to win in the elections is the Ennahda party, which is described as being moderate Islamist.
Ennahda, which had a long history of opposition here before Mr. Ben Ali eviscerated it a decade ago, is widely expected to fare the best, and no one pretends that it owes its popularity only to its financial clout. Its moderate and modern brand of Islamic politics has struck a chord with many Tunisians.
But for months, it has been at the center of attacks from liberal rivals and liberal-leaning election officials who accuse it of taking foreign money, mainly from the Persian Gulf. Islamist groups from Egypt to Lebanon are widely believed to rely on such support from the wealthier and more conservative gulf nations, but the charges have resonated especially loudly in Tunisia, in part because regulators have sought to stamp it out.
The article goes on to express that a difficulty in regulating party financing is that Ennahda is not only a political organization but a social one. They receive donations from the Gulf that are spent on charitable causes (which may be beneficial politically) as well as financing that is spent on campaigning. This duel nature makes pinning down financial regulations difficult, especially for a country that is having is first (hopefully) legitimate election.
So with all that news, any thoughts? Can Tunisia be a beacon for democracy for the region?